A spectacular example of concrete innovation, particularly appertaining to lightweight concrete has recently been completed at the University of Bradford, West Yorkshire.
The aim of the University Estates Department and the architect was to create a truly sustainable building and make the University’s School of Health of one of the greenest in the country.
The building has been built and designed using the University’s pioneering sustainability specification, which has particular focus on building physic, thermal mass, high levels of air-tightness, insulation and passive systems rather than the traditional mechanical systems.
The School’s new building, providing a gateway into the City Campus, includes a refurbishment of the existing Horton A building, as well as a purpose-built extension. The project represents a significant investment by the University in the sustainability and development of healthcare in both Bradford and its surrounding region.
The School’s new facilities will include state of the art clinical skills rooms, a movement laboratory and PACS (digital imaging) suite, as well as dedicated staff and student areas.
ISG won the contract to build the new four-storey extension to the existing Horton A building. It enhances the University’s reputation as leaders in sustainable construction and underwrites University’s Ecoversity sustainable development programme.
Many different products were considered but due to the complex shapes/shades required and the inherent benefits of the material Grade 18 GRC emerged as the preferred choice.
GRC panels reduce the weight and thickness of concrete cladding by up to 65%. Glass Reinforced Concrete is a high-performance, mouldable, highly durable composite product, with a typical weight of 70kg/m2. The building life and durability of GRC is significantly enhanced as a consequence of the product resistance to corrosion, UV light, fire and variations in temperature. Panels are recyclable and it is a Green guide A+ Rated product.
Russell Smith the University’s Estate Manager comments “it is extremely important to use material that have green credentials, as it allows the University to build in a sustainable manner”.
The project architects recognised very early that expert input was paramount to the projects success and so enlisted the services of GB Architectural Cladding Products (GBA).
The GB Group is a privately owned business with over 20 years’ experience in natural stone, facing brick distribution, also precast concrete and GRC manufacture. Throughout the last ten years the group has dedicated its energies toward the production of lightweight fast-track building solutions, particularly Grade 18 engineered GRC cladding. It operates from 3700m2 of production space in Liversedge, West Yorkshire.
Once the large-scale mock-up samples had been approved by the local planners the next project milestone was to develop and agree the detailed layout and configuration of the GRC panels and also the means by which they could be attached to the background substrate (an in-situ concrete shear wall). In addition, all related insulation, deflection and thermal movement considerations had to be factored in.
GBA engaged the services of renowned industry design consultant Smart Crosby International (SCIL) to advise its in-house technical team.
The geometrical complexity of the GRC façade with varying lengths, radii and the vertically inclined surfaces of elements required a 3D analysis in order to identify the fit of each element to accommodate the constructional and installation tolerances, and the line and level of each GRC panel along the line of sight.
The panels’ design and fixings methodology also had to permit reasonable installation tolerances together with rapid, efficient installation. These setting-out factors, together with a requirement for a large insulated cavity (which provided a further design challenge for the cantilevered fixing arrangements), were all painstakingly fulfilled by the team at SCIL, in conjunction with GBA, architect Farrell & Clarke and structural engineer WSP.
Following the preparation of approximately 400 layout, component, restraint drawings, together with all of the relevant structural calculations, the designs were signed off in October 2010.
From this point, GB Architectural Cladding Products created its master production moulds. This complex and absolutely critical process demanded eight weeks of devotion from highly skilled pattern makers, under close ‘in-house’ supervision and also the ever-watchful eye of ISG’s senior site manager Ian Armitage.
The actual casting, finishing and quality assurance processes began on 1 February this year and continued through to the end of March. The first delivery of panels to the site storage compound took place during the first week of April.
The installation process negated the need for site craneage and external scaffold. It was totally unaffected by inclement weather and, in the main, and was completely removed from the project critical path.
The design methodology followed tried and tested principles, which facilitated fast, simple affective connection details. This avoided the need for any secondary carrier system.
Swift, seamless GRC façade installation ensued, all completed in just over six weeks. Any routine maintenance requirement once installed is virtually non-existent.
“It is testament to the choice of material and manufacturer that the finished building replicates almost exactly the initial concept visualisation submitted for planning approval.” Nick Cooper, Architects Farrell & Clarke.
Grade 18 GRC Advantages
- Surety of cost
- Lightweight (High performance, thin section composite concrete product typically 70kg/m2).
- Environmental benefits- A BREEAM A+ Rated product.
- The installation process negated the need for site craneage and external scaffold, was totally unaffected by inclement weather and, in the main, was completely removed from the project critical path.
- The design methodology followed tried and tested principles which facilitated fast, simple affective connection details. This eliminated the need for any secondary carrier system.
- The routine Maintenance requirement once installed is virtually non existent.
- Many of the complex shapes/shades precluded the other materials being considered
Much to the delight of all concerned the contract was executed precisely on time and budget.
Nick Cooper of Architects Farrell & Clark says, “It is testament to the choice of material and manufacturer that the finished building replicates almost exactly the initial concept visualisation submitted for planning approval.”
The result is a striking, totally unique GRC façade which will prove to be of interest and inspiration to many for years to come.
Architect: Farrell Clarke, Leeds.
Main Contractor: ISG.
GRC Manufacturer: GB Architectural Cladding Products Ltd, Liversedge, West Yorkshire.
Design Consultants: Smart Crosby International.